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Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1997.

Holmes, Michael W. The Greek New Testament: SBL Edition. Lexham Press: Society of Biblical Literature, 2011-2013.

Nestle, Erwin, and Kurt Aland, eds. Novum Testamentum Graece. 27th ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993.

The Westminster Leningrad Codex. Version 4.20. 25 Jan 2016. On Version 26.0. 

Bible Translations

NET Bible. Dallas, TX: Biblical Studies Press, 2006.

Rahlfs, Alfred, ed. Septuaginta: id est Vetus Testamentum Graece iuxta LXX interpretes. 2 vols. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1935.


Athanasius On the Incarnation. Translated by John Behr. Popular Patristics Series. Yonkers, NY: St. Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2011. 

Bates, Matthew W. The Birth of the Trinity: Jesus, God, and Spirit in New Testament & Early Christian Interpretations of the Old

Testament. Oxford: Oxford, 2015.

Bauckham, Richard. Jesus and the God of Israel: God Crucified and Other Studies on the New Testament’s Christology of Divine Identity.

Grand Rapids: Eerdman’s, 2009.


Beale, G. K., and D. A. Carson, eds. Commentary on the New Testament Use of the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: BakerAcademic, 2007.


Bowman, Robert M., Jr., and J. Ed Komoszewski. Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2007.


Evans, Craig A. Fabricating Jesus: How Modern Scholars Distort the Gospels. Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2006.

Harris, Murray J. Jesus As God: The New Testament Use of Theos in Reference to Jesus. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1992.


Intrater, Asher. Who Ate Lunch with Abraham? Frederick, MD: Revive Israel, 2011.


Komoszewski, J. Ed, M. James Sawyer, and Daniel B. Wallace. Reinventing Jesus: How Contemporary Skeptics Miss the Real Jesus and

Mislead Popular Culture. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2006.

NIV Archaeological Study Bible. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005.


Olson, Roger E. The Story of Christian Theology: Twenty Centuries of Tradition and Reform. Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 1999.


Rheaume, Randy. God the Son: What John’s Portrait of Jesus Means and Why it Matters. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 2018.

Segal, Alan F. Two Powers in Heaven: Early Rabbinic Reports about Christianity and Gnosticism. Waco, TX: Baylor, 1977. 


Witherington, Ben, III. Letters and Homilies for Hellenized Christians. Vol 1: A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary on Titus, 1-2 Timothy and

1-3 John. Nottingham, UK: Apollos, 2006.

Wright, N. T. How God Became King: The Forgotten Story of the Gospels. New York: HarperOne, 2016.

_________. What Saint Paul Really Said. Grand Rapids: Eerdman’s, 1997.

Language and Exegesis

Arndt, William, Frederick W. Danker, Walter Bauer, and F. Wilbur Gingrich. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other

Early Christian Literature. 3rd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2000.

Barr, James. The Semantics of Biblical Language. Eugene, OR: Wipf and Stock, 1961.


Blau, Joshua. Phonology and Morphology of Biblical Hebrew. Linguistics Studies in Ancient West Semitic (LSAWS) 2. Winona Lake, IN:

Eisenbrauns, 2010.

Carson, D. A. Exegetical Fallacies. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996.

Greenspahn, Frederick E. An Introduction to Aramaic. Corrected 2nd ed. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, 2007.

Koehler, Ludwig, Walter Baumgartner, M. E. J. Richardson, and Johann Jakob Stamm. The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old

Testament (HALOT). 2 vols. Leiden: Brill, 2001.

Metzger, Bruce M. A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament. 2nd ed. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1994.


Osborne, Grant R. The Hermeneutical Spiral: A Comprehensive Introduction to Biblical Interpretation. Rev. and expanded, 2nd ed.

Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006.

Rosenthal, Franz. A Grammar of Biblical Aramaic. Exp. 7th ed. Porta Linguarum Orientalium. Wiesbaden, Germany: Harrasowitz Verlag,


Silva, Moisés. Biblical Words and Their Meaning: An Introduction to Lexical Semantics. Rev. and expanded ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan,


_________, ed. New International Dictionary of New Testament Theology and Exegesis (NIDNTTE). 5 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan,


Tov, Emmanuel. Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible. Rev. and expanded 3rd ed. Minneapolis: Fortress: 2012.

Turabian, Kate L. A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago Style for Students and Researchers. Rev.

by Wayne C. Booth, et al. 7th ed. Chicago: University of Chicago, 2007.

Vyhmeister, Nancy Jean. Quality Research Papers: For Students of Religion and Theology. 2nd ed. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2008.

Woodard, Roger D., ed. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World’s Ancient Languages. Cambridge: Cambridge, 2004.

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