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Master, Ruler

Like many words, "master" and "ruler" obtain a range of objects. The God who created us is called Master, and yet petty owners of human slaves are called masters. God is Ruler of the universe, and also local governors are called rulers.

Jesus was called "sir," and "master," and "lord" in more mundane senses, especially by those who did not know Him. But for Jude son of Joseph, a monotheist Jew and Jesus's own half-brother, to call Jesus our "only Master and Lord" was a stunning claim. To further claim that He existed with the ancient Israelites frustrates every alternative interpretation: Jude was saying that Jesus is Yahweh. He even said everyone knew it already (εἰδότας πάντα).

The Father

Master [4x]

δεσπότης [2x] Luke 2:29; Acts 4:24.

κύριος [2x] Matt 6:24; Luke 16:13.

The King of kings, ὁ βασιλεὺς τῶν βασιλευόντων 1 Tim 6:15.

The Eternal King, ὁ βασιλεύς τῶν αἰώνων 1 Tim 1:17.

The Only Sovereign, μόνος δυνάστης 1 Tim 6:15. 

The Son                  

Master [14x]

δεσπότης [2x] 2 Tim 2:21; 2 Pet 2:1.

ἐπιστάτης [6x] Luke 5:5; 8:24; 8:45; 9:33; 9:49; 17:13.

κύριος [6x] Matt 15:27; Luke 12:35–48; 14:16–24; John 13:16; 15:15; 15:20.


a King John 18:37 (it was in order to be a king that Jesus came into the world and

was born).

The King of Israel John 12:13.

The Master in Heaven, ὁ κύριός ἐν οὐρανοῖς [2x] Eph 6:9; Col 4:1. 

(The Son rather than The Father because Christ is the κύριος in Eph 6:5; 6:6; 6:7; 6:8; and Col 3:24. "Master" rather than "lord" because in parallel to οἱ κύριοι, masters of slaves.)

Our Only Master, ὁ μόνος δεσπότης ἡμῶν Jude 1:4.

Ruler over all the kings of the Earth, ὁ ἄρχων τῶν βασιλέων τῆς γῆς Rev 1:5.



Ruler of this World, ὁ ἄρχων τοῦ κόσμου τούτου [3x] John 12:31; 14:30; 16:11.

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