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Righteousness is one of the most common biblical concepts. It can describe human character (both approvingly of good character, and ironically of self-righteousness), the actions of people who follow God’s commandments, God's ways generally, and Christians after the Final Judgment. 

The differences between righteous character, righteous deeds, and righteous legal standing can be seen in the fact that inspired Scripture calls certain people righteous in mundane character [Matt 1:19], says their deeds are righteous if done by following The Law [Luke 1:6] or The Holy Spirit [Luke 2:25], but then says "Not one is righteous" in legal standing [Rom 3:10–12].

Some relevant data points are below. Most notably, Jesus is The Righteous One whom The Father promised to crush in order to justify the many by bearing their sin [Isa 53:11], and whom both Peter and Stephen explicitly identify as Jesus [Acts 3:18 and 7:52, respectively]. It was in this way that Jeremiah, prophesying from God, said that Jesus would be known as "Yahweh Our Righteousness." 


The Righteous One, צַדִיק Isa 24:16 (glory to).

The Father   

righteous, δίκαιος 1 John 1:9.

Righteous Father, Πάτερ δίκαιος John 17:25.


The Son

righteous, δίκαιος [2x] 1 John 2:29; 3:7.

The Righteous Branch, צֶ֫מַח צְדָקָה Jer 23:5; 33:15.

The Righteous Judge 2 Tim 4:8.

The Righteous One, צַדִיק, (ὁ) δίκαιος [5x] Isa 53:11; Acts 3:14; 7:52; 22:14; 1 John 2:1. 

Isa 53:11 ⇒ The Righteous One, whom The Father would crush in order to justify the

many by bearing their sin. 

Acts 3:14 ⇒ The Holy and Righteous One, ὁ ἅγιος καὶ δίκαιος.

Acts 7:52 ⇒ The Coming of The Righteous One, which was foretold.

The Righteousness of God  [2x] Rom 3:21; Phil 3:9.

Rom 3:21 ⇒ δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ (equated with the faithfulness of Jesus Christ in 3:22). 

Phil 3:9 ⇒ ἡ ἐκ θεοῦ δικαιοσύνη (equated with the faithfulness of Jesus Christ).

Yahweh our Righteousness, יהוה צִדְקֵנוּ

Jer 23:6 ⇒ The Righteous Branch of David in 23:5.

Jer 33:16 ⇒ The Righteous Branch of David in 33:15.

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